Pollen allergies, which are also known as hay fever, don't usually affect infants. The way allergies work is that if your body gets subjected to an allergen and hence registers it as being dangerous, the baby will continue experiencing the same response thereafter. Most babies don't get enough exposure to help trigger their immune systems.
Almost all children don't start suffering from pollen allergies until they reach seven years old. Pollen allergies in babies under two years is considered uncommon. Therefore, if you suspect that your baby is suffering from hay fever, the first step you should take is to find out whether it’s actually hay fever or the infant is just a culprit of something else.
How Pollen allergies start
Pollen allergies normally start between early springs and late summers; its symptoms are like the ones of a cold, i.e., watery or itchy eyes, a runny nose, congestion, and sneezing. The only trick for diagnosing hay fever is to take note of when the symptoms start occurring and the period they take. In case these symptoms bother your baby for not more than two weeks and then disappear, then they're probably not an indication of pollen allergies.
However, in case they bother your infant during summer- mostly on sunny days and last throughout the season, there are high chances that your baby is suffering from pollen allergies. Sometimes these symptoms may be year-round, this is also probably not hay fever since grass, ragweed, and trees release pollen during warmer months. Your doctor will help you with the diagnosis.
Prevention of hay fever
If the infant suffers from pollen allergies, the most preferred option is prevention. How will you do this? First, keep the baby inside the house during early morning hours, evening hours and other times that the pollen counts are mostly at their highest level. Second, wash your baby's face and hands after it has been outdoors, and also keep the infant’s laundry away from the reach of pollen.
When you are talking about treatment, you should keep in mind that many antihistamines are in liquid form. However, they're not normally recommended for children who are less than 6 months. Your doctor will recommend you some treatment that's safe for your infants. When the babies get older, allergic shots can help them to overcome their allergies. It’s also important to consult an allergist for any of these treatments.